terça-feira, 28 de junho de 2016

Hello World Wildfly Swarm 1.0 Final!

Today Wlidfly Swarm became 1.0 Final was announced! In my opinion, this is one of the most exciting Red Hat projects at the moment.

To celebrate this release, I made this quick video to the Generator tool.


  •  Java 8
  •  Maven 3

How to use:

  • Enter the group, artifact id and the APIs(dependencies) you want to use in the generator web page and click in "Generate Project"
  • Unzip the downloaded file and cd into the project directory
  • Run mvn widlfly-swarm:run
  • Use a browser to navigate to http://localhost:8080/rest/hello OR use the command curl http://localhost:8080/rest/hello
  • You should see the message "Hello from WildFly Swarm!";


That's it, an 1 minute hello world! Now you can select the dependencies you need in your project before generating it and create your more advanced application.

domingo, 1 de maio de 2016

A CRUD using jBPM

Here's one interesting thing: everything gets better with jBPM. Even a CRUD (which does not exactly represent a business process) can be quickly created and you can have a much better overview of what's going on without having to read any line of code. In this post, I am going to show you a CRUD I created using the JPA Work Item Handler from my last post.

The CRUD business process

The CRUD actions are based on an Object of type Person created using the Data Modeller tool:

The object used in our CRUD. It was created using the data modeller

 The business process to create the CRUD make use of human tasks to get users input. A human task is responsible for creating an application menu for the user, the other tasks read users provided data. See the process diagram:

A jBPM CRUD Diagram

The box with text "Select Contact" is a reusable subprocess which goal is let users select one of the existing contacts (Person):
User can select a contact from the existing contacts
If you know BPMN, you might already understand how it works. There's no need to look any source code or read documentation, the diagram above tells you everything about the application.

Our process has variables to hold the users input. To pass information from users to the process, we must first understand how we can actually execute the process, and there are three ways:

  • Use the jBPM Console tool as the process executor engine. This way you can interact with the process using the console itself or the console remote APIs;
  • Create an application that use jBPM APIs to control the process execution using Java;
  • Use the new KIE Execution server. Recently it was added BPM capabilities to the server, so you can deploy your business process to it and control the execution using the KIE Server remote APIs.
Tasks and process can have HTML forms to take the user input or you can use a client application to interact with the server in order to pass parameters when starting process and when handling tasks. Now I see your surprise face: You don't  need to make any coding to create HTML forms for the process, you can generate a form for your task and process (jBPM Designer can generate it based on the task/process input) and then use the powerful jBPM forms tool to modify the form. Although you can customize the forms using Javascript and CSS,  no coding skill is required! See what it looks like:

Form for a task of our CRUD process
If you use the jbpm console itself as the process execution server, it will render the form for you when starting process and completing tasks, and you can even embed the form in an external web application!


The CRUD full project is also available in github, but here's a small video showing it in action with everything I described above:

sexta-feira, 29 de abril de 2016

A jBPM 6 JPA Work Item Handler implementation

When we work with jBPM, we can already invoke REST and SOAP Web Services, send email without the need of writing a single line of Java code. You can simply drag and drop a component and configure it to perform the action.

Using the REST Task from jBPM 6

Behind a component (tasks), we have a Work Item Handler(WIH):

Creating custom Work Item Handler in BPM Suite/jBPM 6
A Parser work item handler for jbpm 6

In this post I will briefly talk about a work item handler I recently created to perform JPA(Java Persistence API) operations.

Persistence and jBPM

The jBPM process runs on a transaction. Once it reaches a safe point (start a subprocess, human task, timer and others), the transaction is commited. If we do operations that requires a transaction, it is important to these operations to be part of the running jBPM transaction.

To persist process variables, we can use a JPAPlaceholderResolverStrategy and the process variables will be also persisted as part of the process. However, we might want to do operations on a database and don't want specifically to store process variables. For example, you might want to query the database or delete an entity based on some data from the process, that's the reason a JPA task is needed.

An implementation of a JPA work item handler

To allow users to access a database from their business process, we created a JPA work item handler! And what it does is basically allow you to make JPA operations from your business process.

These are the supported parameter input parameters:

  • Action: A String parameter that can have some of the following values:
    • get: Retrieves an entity of type Type from the database by the given Id;
    • delete: Delete the given Entity;
    • create: Create the given Entity in the database;
    • update: Update the given Entity;
    • query: Execute a JPA query passed by the Query parameter with the parameters passed by the QueryParameters
  • Entity: This parameter of type Object is the target entity. Must be provided if using the create, update or delete actions;
  • Type: If you use the get action, you must provide the fully qualified name of the type of the class you are loading in the format of a String;
  • Id: This parameter of type Object is used with the get action to represent the entity Id;
  • Query:  This param of type String must be a JPA valid query that will ran against the database;
  • QueryParameters: The type of this parameter is a java.util.Map that must contains the possible parameters for the query specifiec by Query.
And it may return the following
  • QueryResults: A java.util.List of objects with the result of your query. Only present when using the Query parameter
  • Result: When you do an create, update or delete against an entity, the updated entity will be available in this output parameter. If you use get, you can have the entity that was recovered from the database using ths out param.

Notice that the only obligatory parameter is Action. The other parameters depends on the actin you chose: If you chose delete, create or update, you must provide an Entity parameter. If you choose get, you must provide a Type and an Id parameter. The action query requires you to provide the Query parameter and you *may*  provide the Map QueryParameters param.

Another thing to notice is that this WIH will throw exceptions if something goes wrong, so you can attach an error event to handle it.

Using the JPA WIH

To use it, follow the steps below:

  • Let's consider you are a jBPM user and you are familiar with its concepts: projects, maven and other concepts related to jBPM and also has some experience with jbpm-console web app;
  • Clone the WIH repository locally in your machine: https://github.com/jesuino/jbpm-jpa-wih
  • Go to jpa-wih directory and run $ mvn clean install  (or install it in the maven repository used by jBPM)
  • In a jBPM project, add a dependency to the following module org.fxapps.jbpm: jpa-wih:1.0:
The WIH artifact dependency

  • Now register the WIH using kie-deployment-descriptor.xml. If you open the project editor, you can find a link to the project editor. Register it passing a String which is the persistence unit that the WIH will use, and the classloader reference:
Registering the WIH
  • Now we must add it to the WorkDefinitions file if you want to have it available in the jBPM editor to drag and drop. This can be done by adding a new declaration of a WIH:
    "name" : "JPA",
    "parameters" : [
        "Entity" : new ObjectDataType(),
        "Action" : new StringDataType(),
        "Type" : new StringDataType(),
        "Id" : new ObjectDataType(),
        "Query" : new StringDataType(),
        "QueryParameters" : new ObjectDataType()
    "results" : [
        "Result" : new ObjectDataType(),
        // Remember to import the List data type: org.drools.core.process.core.datatype.impl.type.ListDataType;
        "QueryResults" : new ListDataType()
    "displayName" : "JPA",
    "icon" : "defaultservicenodeicon.png"

How the WIH declaration looks like in the editor

Now we are almost ready to use this WIH, but first we need to configure the persistence and create our persistence unit with the same name we configured in kie-deployment-structure.xml.

The next step is to create the persistence unit we set in kie-deployment-descriptor.xml.The simplest way is:

  • Go to project editor and select Persistence Descriptor. Then configure your persistence descriptor by entering the persistence information. Here's an example:

Persistence configuration
One thing to notice here is that you must use a XA datasource. The reasons is that the datasource transactino will be part of the jBPM transaction, when we involve two databases in the same transaction, we must use a XA datasource. You can avoid issues with it by setting the system property com.arjuna.ats.arjuna.allowMultipleLastResources to true if you are on JBoss EAP/Widlfly, but it not recommended for production environments.

  • When you configure the persistence, jbpm-console will try to be kind with you and will configure the Marshalling Strategy to use the JPAPlaceholderResolverStrategy. Well, we don't need that, so go Project Editor, then Deployment Descriptor and remove it.

Finally we are able to use the JPA work item handler in our project!

Sample project

You will find in my github a really simple sample project with everything I have described here. Below is a video showing it in action.

Boring, right? Ok, next post I will show you an entire CRUD application that even have a web interface using jBPM forms. Stay tuned! 

domingo, 6 de março de 2016

Simplest JavaFX ComboBox autocomplete

Based on this Brazilian community post, I've created a sample Combobox auto complete. What it basically does is:

  • When user type with the combobox selected, it will work on a temporary string to store the typed text;
  • Each key typed leads to the combobox to be showed and updated
  • If backspace is type, we update the filter
  • Each key typed shows the combo box items, when the combobox is hidden, the filter is cleaned and the tooltip is hidden:


The class code and a sample application is below. I also added the source to my personal github, sent me PR to improve it and there are a lot of things to improve, like space and accents support.